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高分卷·www.337.net三·家庭在教育中的作用
分类:教育

  我们之前说过,复习考研[微博]英语要注重真题,在记忆词汇和练习阅读理解、翻译题的时候要结合真题做搭配记忆,并辅以相应的练习,下面我们就以真题为例,从中摘取出容易出现的考点,让2016的考生更深刻地领会“搭配记忆”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考点】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.发生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对青少年犯罪率产生影响:XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children's academic performance
Are more involved in their children's education

  4.增加可能性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.

  5.直接的因果关系还没有建立起来:adirect causal relationship has not yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可确定的原因:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.犯罪的行为:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某事发生越来越多:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译练习】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提示:than was common in the traditional familystructure体现比较的逻辑关系,比较的双方是现在的孩子与传统家庭的孩子。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
www.337.net,Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children's individuality.

  结构提示:frustration or failure in school, theincreased availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语共同组成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参考译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①这些年,家庭也发生了一些变化。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

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