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全国工商管理硕士研究生考试英语模拟试题
分类:教育

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic praise. [D] speculative study。

  被看做基因隔离的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

[B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans。

  密切相关 be intimately linked

13.[A] affirm[B] witness[C] observe[D] approve

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on Great Britain。

  使他们承受独特的进化力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures

One of the implications of the intuitive style of executive management is that thinking is inseparable from acting. Since managers often know what is right before they can analyze and explain it, they frequently act first and explain later. Analysis is inextricably tied to action in thinking/acting cycles, in which managers develop thoughts about their companies and organizations not by analyzing a problematic situation and then acting, but by acting and analyzing in close concert。

  ●高频搭配

6.[A] thought[B] sight[C] cost[D] risk

  以前被认为是不相关的have previously been thought unrelated

[A] speed up of the creation of a solution to a problem。

  ●高频搭配

  1. The text provides support for which of the following statements?

  遭受一些令人难受的遗传性疾病

When Coltrane began recording for the Impulse! Label, he was still searching. His music became raucous, physical. His influence on rockers was enormous, including Jimi Hendrix, the rock guitarist, who, following Coltrane, raised the extended guitar solo using repeated motifs to a kind of rock art form。

  引起了很大的争议:Arouse much controversy

Funds that invest solely in a single market sectors, called specialty funds, often have impressive returns and may be great additions to a diversified portfolio. However, the success of such funds depends largely on the fortunes of a particular market sector. Hence, specialty funds probably aren’t the best way to start. For your first fund, look for a diversified stock fund that has exposure to different types of stocks。

  真题段落二:

[D] Maintaining realistic expectations

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

[B] A conventional model is dismissed and an alternative introduced。

  ●巩固习题

[C] Migrants to colonial North America were more successful at acquiring their own land during the eighteenth century than during the seventeenth century。

  文章来源:文都教育

17.[A] development[B] origin[C] consequence[D] instrument

  不依附于任何机构:Work indipendently of any institution

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works independently any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections, which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested。

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are intimately linked.

  1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the text?

  参考译文:他帮助普及这样一个观点,即以前认为不是由细菌引起的某些疾病实际上就是传染病,该观点第一次提出来的时候,引起了很大的争议。

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  许多正在准备2016研究生考生的考生都询问都教授,考研[微博]英语在寒假中应该怎样备考呢,都教授认为,英语在寒假阶段重在基础积累,除了词汇的记忆外,固定搭配也是一大重点,能够帮助考生更好的理解段落文章主旨。下面都教授就利用真题带各位考生来看看应该重点记忆何种搭配的词汇。

12.[A] missions[B] fortunes[C] interests[D] careers

  帮助普及该观点:Help popularize the idea

[C] Managers'' intuition works contrary to their rational and analytical skills。

  矛盾的状态 paradoxical state of affairs

  1. The primary purpose of the text is to [A] discuss the place of Coltrane in the world of jazz and describe his musical explorations. [B] examine the nature of bebop and contrast it with improvisational jazz. [C] analyze the musical sources of Coltrane’s style and their influence on his work. [D] acknowledge the influence of Coltrane’s music on rock music and rock musicians。

  2. Which of the following best describes the organization of the fourth paragraph? [A] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned and illustrated with three specific examples. [B] A thesis is stated and three examples are given each suggesting that a correction needs to be

  真题段落一:

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

  ●巩固习题

[B] Paying attention to details

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

[D] Intuition enables managers to employ their practical experience more efficiently。

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of affairs.

43.

  一想到……就害怕的身体颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

In this part, you are asked to write a composition according to the information below. You should write more than 150 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

  高度重视教育的传统a strong tradition of valuing education

Section I Use of English

  与众不同,出类拔萃的人:Rare bird

[C] It is highly admirable。

  参考译文:Cochran博士认为,高智商与疾病密切相关。

[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making business decisions。

  结构提示:that some diseases 是前面 the idea 的同位语从句,not previously thought to have a bacterial cause做后置定语修饰前面的diseases,主干是some diseases were actually infections.

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to do.

[C] Bailyn's description of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American empire is misleading and incorrect。

  希望通过这两段真题中的段落,能让考生认识到应该积累何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢根基的好时节,希望各位考生能够踏实备考。预祝大家备考顺利,取得理想佳绩!

Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

  由细菌引起的:Have a bacterial cause

In this section there is a paragraph in English .Translate it into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)

2.[A] unique[B] particular[C] special[D] rare

14.[A] moreover[B] therefore[C] however[D] meanwhile

[D] stipulate clear goals。

[A] Manager X analyzes first and then acts; Manager Y does not。

Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the United States by applying new social research findings on the experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation, migration becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of pre-industrial North America. His approach rests on four separate propositions。

Finally, remember that the ultimate measure of your success as an investor depends not on your owning the best-performing mutual fund. Only one fund will be the top performer over the next decade, and there’s no way to predict which one it will be. Meeting your own financial goals should ultimately be the yardstick by which you measure your investment success.

  1. According to the text, senior managers use intuition in all of the following ways EXCEPT to

Text4

house increases as houses are built up the hill.40. Which of the following phrases from the text best expresses the author’s conclusion about the

Directions:

Eating better. Exercising. Investing. There are a lot of things you know should be doing. The problem is that getting started always seems to be the hardest part. For many investors, mutual funds are a good way to go, but trying to sort through the number of available choices – now more than 10,000 – makes this important task appear overwhelming. Let’s look at some ways to cut that number down to a reasonable size, as well as other factors to consider when selecting your first fund。

[D] The southern colonies were greatly influenced by the high culture of New England。

[D] It is controversial though persuasive。

Isenberg's recent research on the cognitive processes of senior managers reveals that managers' intuition is neither of these. Rather, senior managers use intuition in at least five distinct ways. First, they intuitively sense when a problem exists. Second, managers rely on intuition to perform well-learned behavior patterns rapidly. This intuition is not arbitrary or irrational, but is based on years of painstaking practice and hands-on experience that build skills. A third function of intuition is to synthesize isolated bits of data and practice into an integrated picture, often in an Aha! experience. Fourth, some managers use intuition as a check on the results of more rational analysis. Most senior executives are familiar with the formal decision analysis models and tools, and those who use such systematic methods for reaching decisions are occasionally leery of solutions suggested by these methods which run counter to their sense of the correct course of action. Finally, managers can use intuition to bypass in-depth analysis and move rapidly to engender a plausible solution. Used in this way, intuition is an almost instantaneous cognitive process in which a manager recognizes familiar patterns。

Whatever the market does, try to take it in stride. You’re in for the long haul, so don’t worry about the market’s day-to-day gyrations. Relax and resist the temptation to monitor your first investment daily. Check in on your mutual funds once a month, and give your portfolio a thorough exam every 6 to 12 months. And consider adding to your fund each month. An automatic investment plan makes it a relatively painless process。

Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution, he fails to link their experience with the political development of the United States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a peculiarly American political culture began, among colonists who were suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic。

The problem with the above explanation is that the Japanese starry flounder population is almost exclusively left-eyed, and natural selection never promotes a purely less advantageous variation. As other explanations proved equally untenable, biologists concluded that there is no important adaptive difference between left-eyedness and right-eyedness, and that the two characteristics are genetically associated with some other adaptively significant characteristic. This situation is one commonly encountered by evolutionary biologists, who must often decide whether a characteristic is adaptive or selectively neutral. As for the left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish, their difference, however striking, appears to be an evolutionary red herring.36. According to the text, starry flounder differ form most other species of flatfish in that starry flounder [www.337.net,A] are not basically bilaterally symmetric. [B] do not become asymmetric until adulthood. [C] do not all share the same asymmetry. [D] have both eyes on the same side of the head.37. Which of the following best describes the organization of the text as a whole? [A] A phenomenon is described and an interpretation presented and rejected. [B] A generalization is made and supporting evidence is supplied and weighed. [C] A contradiction is noted and a resolution is suggested and then modified. [D] A series of observations is presented and explained in terms of the dominant theory.38. The text supplies information for answering which of the following questions? [A] Why are Japanese starry flounder mostly left-eyed? [B] Why should the eye-sidedness in starry flounder be considered selectively neutral? [C] Why have biologists recently become interested in whether a characteristic is adaptive or

[D] Manager Y draws on years of hands-on experience in creating a solution to a problem; Manager X does not。

[C] Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a problem; Manager Y does not。

  1. The author of the text states that Bailyn failed to

Directions:

made to a thesis referred to earlier in the text.[C] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned, and three examples are presented and

[F] Not too special

[C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not develop a culture that was uniquely their own。

[C] Weighing your financial goals and expectations first

Directions:

Section Ⅳ Writing

[A] An assertion is made and a specific supporting example is given。

19.[A] limited[B] subjected[C] converted[D] directed

It is not easy to talk about the role of the mass media in this overwhelmingly significant phase in European history. History and news become confused, and one’s impressions tend to be a mixture of skepticism and optimism. Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed -- and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe. The Europe that is now forming cannot be anything other than its peoples, their cultures and national identities. With this in mind we can begin to analyze the European television scene. In Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly successful: groups which bring together television, radio, newspapers, magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another. One Italian example would be the Berlusconi group, while abroad Maxwell and Murdoch come to mind。

Bailyn's third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among the many thousands of migrants: one group came as indentured servants, another came to acquire land. Surprisingly, Bailyn suggests that those who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine the social character of people who came to pre-industrial North America. At first, thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited; by the 1730's, however, American employers demanded skilled artisans。

41.

45.

[B] Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic analysis; Manager Y does not。

[B] Managers cannot justify their intuitive decisions。

[C] The results of recent research are introduced and summarized。

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead。

Two stylistic characteristics shaped the way Coltrane played the tenor saxophone: he favored playing fast runs of notes built on a melody and depended on heavy, regularly accented beats. The first led Coltrane to “sheets of sound” where he raced faster and faster, pile-driving notes into each other to suggest stacked harmonies. The second meant that his sense of rhythm was almost as close to rock as to bebop。

  1. Which of the following best summarizes the author's evaluation of Bailyn's fourth proposition?

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D onANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

paragraph of the text?[A] A vegetable market in which the various items are grouped according to place of origin. [B] A wheat field in which different varieties of wheat are planted to yield a crop that will bring

Text3

10.[A] normal[B] common[C] mean[D] total

meaning of the difference between left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish?[A] “Most striking” (line 3, paragraph 1)[B] “variation is adaptive” (line 2, paragraph 2)[C] “mechanically disadvantageous” (line 7, paragraph 3)[D] “evolutionary red herring” (line 9, paragraph 4)

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